Saturday, May 23, 2020
Running head: VETERANS DISCRIMINATION 1 Discrimination: Veterans in the Workplace xxxxxxxxxxx National University HRM-439 Professor xxxxxxxxxxxx 23 December 2013 VETERANS DISCRIMINATION 2 Abstract Discrimination against veterans and those who serve in the reserve forces of the United States is prevalent and is attempted often for veterans returning from war, deployments, and training. Discrimination can also be found in the hiring of veterans and family members of veterans. Seven signs of discrimination against veterans inÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦The case of Justin Slaby verses Federal Bureau of Investigations (FBI) . Justin Slaby lost his hand during a training accident as a Army Ranger in 2004. In 2011, after passing the requirements for the FBI academy, he was accepted into the academy. Shortly after his training began, he was removed from the academy by the instructors stating that he could not fire a weapon with his prosthetic hand. It was determined that the FBI discriminated against him since they claimed he could not safely discharge a firearm with his prosthetic hand. Since Slaby only fired with his dominate hand, this was a clear case of discriminatio n and the courts ruled in favor of Slabby. The court ordered that he be allowed to resume training. (Zapotosky, 2013) Second sign, many employers do not want to hire those serving in the reserves. They are concerned that the service member may be recalled to active duty or their required military training will take them out of the workplace for extended periods of time. In these situations, the USERRA proctects the service member (Ballman, 2012). The case of Vicent E. Staub verses Proctor Hospital supports USERRAÃ¢â¬â¢s protection. Staub was a Army reservist employed by Proctor Hospital. StaubÃ¢â¬â¢s affiliation with the Army required him to attend one drill weekend per month and participate in a 2 to 3 week active duty training period during eachShow MoreRelatedAffirmative Action and the Disabled: Should Disabled Veterans Receive Preferential Treatment in Hiring Decisions?1028 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesDisabled: Should Disabled Veterans Receive Preferential Treatment in Hiring D ecisions? When people think of affirmative action programs, they generally think of programs that give preference to candidates based on gender or race. However, one of the most vital affirmative action programs in the United States is the Disabled Veterans Affirmative Action Program (DVAAP). 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Significant progress is being made in the fight for workplace equality, the combined effects of the continuing rise in education level and the provisions of Equal Pay Act will continue to fuel the movement of equality. Agency Demographics The proposed solution will be based on a meso level, the meso level will be an agency. This agency works with homeless Veterans and is located in the south. This agency is made up of Caucasian males, 1 Latino male, 5 womenRead MoreEmployment Relationship Within The Workplace1163 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesmodify the at-will nature of the employment relationship, and the modification must be in writing. Workplace Commitments 2.1 Equal Opportunity Employment This Company is an equal opportunity employer and does not unlawfully discriminate against employees or applicants for employment on the basis of an individualÃ¢â¬â¢s race, color, religion, creed, sex, national origin, age, disability, marital status, veteran status or any other status protected by applicable law. This policy applies to all terms, conditionsRead MoreWorkplace Discrimination : Discrimination And Discrimination1588 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages prejudice and discrimination occur even in places which, by definition, should be free of all personal prejudices Ã¢â¬â specifically, in offices and other business surroundings. This tragedy is called workplace discrimination; not every unfair behavior at work, however, can be assessed as discrimination. Discrimination in the workplace happens when an employee experiences unfair treatment due to their race, gender, age, religion, marital status, national origin, disability or veteran status, or otherRead MoreDiscrimination And Discrimination Within The Workplace1633 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesjoint ventures (the Ã¢â¬Å"CorporationÃ¢â¬ ) to afford full equal employment opportunity to all employees and applicants regardless of their race, color, national origin, sex, religion, age, status as an individual with a disability, military or protected veteran status, height, weight, familial status, marital status or any other protected condition or characteristic in conformity with all applicable federal, state and local laws and regulations. In accordance with this policy, all personnel decisions, includingRead MoreBUSI 642 DB 1 Essay990 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages BUSI 642: Week 2 Discussion Board 1 Liberty University Discussion Board 1 In a world that is quick to state discrimination has taken place, there is a new discrimination emerging (i.e. reverse discrimination). Is this form of discrimination really discrimination? What diversity practices would you put in place to prevent any kind of discrimination? Generally speaking, discrimination is rooted in within the Ã¢â¬Å"cultural fabric of the United StatesÃ¢â¬ along the lines of Ã¢â¬Å"housing, employment, health,Read MoreThe advantages of hiring disabled worke Essay example1430 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesrisk for unemployment and extremely prone to living in poverty, according to The International Labor Organization. The major contributing factors of this employment challenge can be attributed to the disadvantages a disabled person faces in the workplace, as well as the struggles employers make to accommodate these workersÃ¢â¬â¢ disabilities. What is largely misunderstood is that the advantages of hiring a disabled person can largely outweigh the disadvantages. Some of the major advantages of hiringRead MoreAffirmative Action Are Effective Models For Younger Members Of Their Race1519 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesthe people who find or put themselves in the right place at the right time (Thomas, Jr, 1990). This is also a valid viewpoint. Not everyone who is a placed into the workforce because of affirmative action can be a viable example of overcoming discrimination. Those people did not have to work as hard to become a leader in the company because they had more of an advantage than White workers. Companies that receive government aid are forced to allow racial minorities, women, and disabled workers aRead MoreNon Discrimination Policies Of The Home Depot Company Essay782 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages Non-Discrimination Policy Name: Course Name: Course Instructor: Date of Submission: Non-Discrimination Policy Companies that discriminate on basis of a host of job-irrelevant issues, comprising race, sexual orientation, gender, disability, age and ethnicity put themselves at a competitive disadvantage as opposed to companies that appraise employees solely on their credentials and qualifications to work well. Given the high rates of discrimination encountering the workforce
Tuesday, May 12, 2020
Sample details Pages: 11 Words: 3372 Downloads: 9 Date added: 2017/06/26 Category Management Essay Type Analytical essay Did you like this example? In todays competitive global business environment, the goal of all manufacturing systems to survive long term. Survival of manufacturing in a increasingly competitive market close will depend on its ability to produce the best quality at the lowest price possible and in a timely manner with the shortest delivery times. Moreover, these goals must be achieved by paying greater respect to mankind staff who operate the system. DonÃ¢â¬â¢t waste time! Our writers will create an original "Introduction To Jit On The Basis Of Quality Management Business Essay" essay for you Create order Although it is difficult to achieve is the complexity of manufacturing processes. It is not hard to build quality, but are extremely difficult to do while maintaining excellent quality and respect for the humanity of people who do the actual work of building the product. A Just-in-Time (JIT) approach proposed here is able to achieve all the objectives above. Just-in-Time (JIT) On the basis of quality management is both a philosophy and guiding principles that integrates basic management techniques, existing improvement efforts and technical tools. This approach focuses on long-term benefits due to the elimination of waste and continuous improvement of systems, programs, products and people. It has an important influence on quality control, purchasing, and work culture with a philosophy that includes the cost of meeting delivery schedules, employee empowerment and skills development, supplier relations and development new products. But this approach requires factories to keep in ventories of finished, because even a small problem in the supply chain, and small errors on defective goods can increase production to stop. Some techniques for controlling single market and the quality is developed so that the raw materials or components of high quality can reach the factory, as they needed, and the production of defective products can be reduced to near zero degrees. Conceptually, this approach combines seemingly contradictory goals of low cost, quality, manufacturing flexibility, and reliability of delivery. Its effects are important for improving the overall performance of the entire organization. However, there is no standard for implementing JIT is not steady progress towards the ultimate goal of service you want, with a continuous flow smoothly synchronized correspond to final demand, with perfect quality goods receipt. The adoption of JIT approach in the context of India can be useful for these industries are still struggling with reliability issues and long delays, low quality, low productivity, high rates of waste and defects, shortages of raw materials, and underutilization of workers and equipment. Theory of JIT production Based on quality management is the combination of JIT inventory control, quality control and management functions of production that made sincere efforts to improve the quality of two ways. First, it focuses on the philosophical aspect of improving quality through accountability for the quality of each, and then focused on the effective implementation of quality control technician. He acknowledged that the most valuable resources of an organization are the workers and employees work best when they are motivated, valued, to contribute, and allowed to make their own decisions. Under this approach, workers inspect the quality of the product after each successive operation. They are trained with the managers in the preparation and interpretation of process control charts. Managers motivate employees to think about the quality of the production rate of the first and second. Workers have the power to stop the production line or cell, if quality problems are discovered. Thus, this conc ept not only provides quality responsibilities of workers, but also reflect this responsibility with the authority to share the functions of quality control, if quality problems can be identified and resolved quickly. In addition, the JIT production system requires the purchase of parts in small series. Small batches require less space and time. Less space and requires less time to people and facilities to do the same job. In addition, small parties easy to inspect and identify gaps quickly. Thus, parties that are bought regularly in small batches with frequent deliveries contribute to improved quality and productivity through lower inventory levels and waste, reducing monitoring costs for parts used, and early detection of defects . In short, JIT approaches have the potential to improve product quality and productivity levels important, but organizations should adopt the principles in a way that meets their own organizational structure, design and processes. OBJECTIVE OF THE RESEARCH This research paper has the following two objectives: RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODOLOGY This research has been conducted by taking SECONDARY DATA from the internet. The research is primarily based on analysis of two popular automobile manufacturers: 1. Maruti Suzuki 2. Ashok Leyland LIMITATION OF THE STUDY The current report is limited to only two companies i.e., Maruti Suzuki and Ashok Leyland. The report represents an analyses based on the data that is available online. The accuracy and reliability of the analysis is completely based on my interpretation and valuation of data. The analysis and study could not be approved by company officials as they refuse to entertain students on such matters. Automobile Industry Of India India has a large automotive sector. The country ranks ninth in Asia and the world 4thin global automotive industry. India has an annual production of approximately 2.3 million units. Today, India is the worlds largest maker of tractors, the second largest motorcycle manufacturer and the fifth largest manufacturer of commercial vehicles. The automobile industry in India has accelerated after deregulation in 1991. The industry continued to grow steadily and is increasingly relevant in the global market. In the recent past, India has experienced a resurgence in the automotive sector with its relaxed restrictions on investment policies in the sector. overall economic growth in India has also played an important role in attracting foreign investors to invest in India in the automotive sector in the country. The automobile sector in India has shown great progress in the use of new technologies and be flexible in the wake of the changing business situation. In addition, the g rowth of Indias middle class and greater purchasing power with the support of strong macroeconomic fundamentals have helped to attract leading car manufacturers in India. Several global players, including major automakers Suzuki and Honda have invested heavily in India and was able to exploit the market in India. All these factors and initiatives that the government is an indication that the Indian car industry was becoming a new industry that has unlimited potential for growth and promises to provide valuable return on investment. The automotive sector was not only satisfy the requirements of the market, but was deeply into the international market. COMPANY OVERVIEW: Maruti Suzuki India Limited Maruti Suzuki India Limited, a subsidiary of Suzuki Motor Corporation in Japan, is a leading Indian car market for about two decades. Marutis growth driven by the automotive industry in India, in fact, its impact on lifestyle and psyche of an entire generation of Indian middle class, it is widely recognized. Maruti tops customer satisfaction again for the seventh consecutive year, according to JD Power Asia Pacific Index 2006, India Customer Satisfaction (CSI) Study. The company also ranked highest in India Sales Satisfaction Study. TNS Automotive Maruti also ranks first corporate social responsibility. Maruti is also one of the top five car rental companies: Forbes list of the best-known companies in the world November 6 In 2001, Maruti Suzuki India Ltd has become one of the first car companies around the world to receive ISO 9001:2000 certification. AV Belgium assessed the quality systems and practices related to the automotive industry worldwide global auditors Internatio nal Organization for Standardization. Maruti has already implemented more than 6 million cars by 2006, in fact an average of two vehicles from the factory to roll every minute. In March 2007, Maruti crossed cumulative total exports of 450,000 vehicles since its first exports in 1986. Vehicles for export and manufactured in the same production facilities. Ashok Leyland Ashok Leyland Motor began assembling commercial involvement vehicles.With British Leyland in the capital, in 1954, the Company has been renamed as Ashok Leyland. Since then Ashok Leyland has been a significant presence in the Indian industry of commercial vehicles. These years were marked by a series of technological innovations that became industry standards. This tradition of technological leadership have been made through comparisons with international technology leaders and through vigorous R D. Ashok Leyland vehicles have built a reputation for reliability and susceptibility to interference. 375 000 vehicles, we have placed additional pressure on the common road of independent India. The share of road freight transport increased from 12% in 1950 to 60% in 1995. In the carriage of passengers, the jump is equally dramatic: from 25% to 80%. At 60 million passengers a day, Ashok Leyland buses carry more passengers than the entire Indian railway network. In populous metros i n India, four of the five-state transport company (STU) buses come from Ashok Leyland. Some of them like the double-decker bus and hallways are unique Ashok Leyland, tailor-made for high-density routes. In 1987, the exploitation by foreign LRLIH (Land Rover Leyland International Holdings Limited) was incorporated as a joint venture between the Hinduja Group, the Non-Resident Indian transnational group and Iveco Fiat SpA, part of Fiat Group and the manufacturer Trucks Europe leading. Global Standards, Global Markets prepared the blue print for the future reflects the Companys global ambitions, captured in four words: Global standards, global markets (liberalization and globalization still air). Encouraged by the support of two global giants, Ashok Leyland launched a significant product and process technology Upgradation the world-class standards of technology. On the way to global quality standards, Ashok Leyland reached a milestone in 1993 when he became the first in the automoti ve industry in India to win ISO 9002 certification. The most comprehensive ISO 9001 certification came in 1994. 1994 was also the year that global technology has changed the way India perceived trucks. The year of a new world-class race truck a superior technology and environmentally friendly to roll on road in India. Our factory of state-of the-art House, near Bangalore. They were called Cargo. Loading brought a new set of values ÃÆ'Ã ¢Ã ¢Ã¢â¬Å¡Ã ¬Ã ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã ¹ÃÆ'Ã ¢Ã ¢Ã¢â¬Å¡Ã ¬Ã ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã ¹and a basket of unmatched performance, paving the way for a change. JUST IN TIME AT ASHOK LEYLAND Ashok Leyland, one of the largest private companies in the country, had sales of about Rs 6,000 crore in 2005-06. Ashok Leyland is part of the Hinduja Group. It is also one of the largest automakers and auto component companies in India. The company offers a range of world-class trucks, buses, special application vehicles and engines, the passage of millions of people in over 40 countries worldwide. During 2005-06, the company produced a total of 65 085 vehicles, of which it exported 4,879 units. Domestically, the company has sold a total of 56 776 units. Oscar incoming The project SCM provider partnership comprises the supply base rationalization, tiered suppliers and cluster information, the optimization of inventories through JIT and LCL, total cost management, logistics initiatives, and -sourcing and global supply. The proceeds from the Oscar entry Provider partnership includes technical support and engineering, the global market, the worldwide availability of spare p arts, testing capabilities, improved performance on the field, a provider of systems, JIT deliveries and world class technology . the profits of the partnership are Level I, vendor consolidation, continuous technological upgradation of products without any inward investment, shorter development lead time, value engineering and cost reduction, improved performance on the field, the effectiveness of JIT inventory supplies and human power to rationalize. Vendor base rationalisation Gains from price reductions include the amount, to improve the quality and reliability of the seller to improve the framework for continuous improvement, multi-layered system to facilitate the purchase, installation and reduce paperwork Supplier tierisation accompanying economies of scale, purchasing a system to rationalize the supplier base material to a cluster of compliance with the 5S-error-checking, process improvement, resulting in self Inventory levels have decreased from 23 to 18 days . Total cost management includes a number of cost management initiatives, such as management, process management, design, technology and capabilities. The total savings were 3% of total operating costs. Logistics initiative included the rationalization of transport based, drawn from Kanban satellite stores, improving truck turn around, load, mode and route optimization for the benefit of the logistics process that led Ted to save the company more than Rs1.25 crore a year. JUST IN TIME AT MARUTI SUZUKI The Company has adopted the Japanese system, JIT to achieve greater operational efficiency and reduce inventory carrying costs. JIT improves return on investment in a business by reducing in-process inventory and transportation costs. To ensure the supply of raw JIT, the company gives preference to local vendors and suppliers to promote the function of the distance to establish the base near Maruti Suzuki `s facilities. Over 76% of 246 company suppliers are within 100 km radius. providers are strategically located in major components such as instrument panels, fuel tanks, bumpers, seats adjacent to the manufacturing facilities of the companys supplier park. JIT has evolved over the past 25 years, the companys monthly time of daily programs of parts orders and, finally, in 2003, and system-Nagare, which means the delivery systems for planning time, a practice that helps maintain a list of less than two hours in some parts of society. The e-Nagare successfully run the busine ss today and helps to maintain the population of the right material at the right time, right place and the exact amount, without the safety net of excess inventory, reducing inventory levels, cost of ownership . Maruti Suzuki driven by manufacturing excellence principles to reduce waste, inconvenience and inconsistency drank parent SMC, Japan. Maruti Suzuki, using best practices such as Just in Time (JIT), Kaizen (continuous improvement), Quick Quick, and Poka Yoke (fail-safe feature). The best practices are replicated in business processes and business partners to make its operations lean and free of blemishes. The company is actually connected via resellers Dealer Management System (DMS), the interaction dealer and annual reviews that will help retailers to cost savings and customer convenience. Storage levels are maintained to reduce the burden of holding inventory. higher inventory levels are adjusted as necessary for financial viability. The result is a multiplicity of efficiency in the value chain. LIMITATIONS OF INTERFIRM PRODUCTION Culture Differences: Organizational cultures differ from company to company. There are cultures that bind to JIT success in international business, but it is difficult for an organization to change its culture few . Time frame : The production is highly dependent on suppliers and if the unit is not delivered on time, the entire production schedule may be delayed. Crunch on delivery : Today, many Tier1, Tier2 and Tier 3 suppliers are struggling financially to meet their customer demands for lower cost, better quality and results of the time. Loss of team autonomy: This is the result of lower buffer stocks that result in less flexibility for employees to solve the problem individually. Loss of method autonomy: This means that workers must act in a way, when problems occur, it is not possible for them to have their own method to solve a problem. Responsive method : It is not the final product available to order spare unexpected, because all the product is manufactured to meet actual orders JIT, however, is highly responsive method of production. Some Important Features of JIT Based Quality Management This section describes some unique features of this concept, which plays a crucial role to achieve its goal of continuously improving quality, eliminating waste and reducing costs. ÃÆ'Ã ¢Ã ¢Ã¢â¬Å¡Ã ¬ÃâÃ ¢ One of the most remarkable features of JIT is that it produces a large number of proposals that employee participation in continuous improvement. Management works hard to implement these proposals. A number of proposals considered as an important criterion to assess the performance of the employee. This conclusion recognizes employee efforts to improve quality. quality circles in accordance with a proposal for a group focused on improving the system. In a nutshell, the JIT system requires an effective proposal for the production operations of employees. ÃÆ'Ã ¢Ã ¢Ã¢â¬Å¡Ã ¬ÃâÃ ¢ JIT emphasizes awareness and provide clues to identify problems. When a problem is detected, it must be resolved. So, this concept requires training with a variety of tools for proble m-solving. ÃÆ'Ã ¢Ã ¢Ã¢â¬Å¡Ã ¬ÃâÃ ¢ Improve the success of any problem is solved. To consolidate a new level, the improvement is standardized. Thus JIT also requires the standardization of methods and procedures. ÃÆ'Ã ¢Ã ¢Ã¢â¬Å¡Ã ¬ÃâÃ ¢ Often, the heterogeneous composition of the workforce and the negative relationship between the labor market, it is difficult to introduce changes to improve productivity and quality. Therefore, strong motivation, employee involvement and an open corporate culture is crucial for the effective implementation of JIT. ÃÆ'Ã ¢Ã ¢Ã¢â¬Å¡Ã ¬ÃâÃ ¢ JIT requires experience working with concrete data. Put more emphasis on the use and analysis of statistical data for quality control and troubleshooting. ÃÆ'Ã ¢Ã ¢Ã¢â¬Å¡Ã ¬ÃâÃ ¢ Due to construction workers in many different machines at the same time, this system leads to a significant expansion of responsibilities of workers and skills. Therefore, effective training progr ams are the main requirements of JIT to develop multiple skills among workers. ÃÆ'Ã ¢Ã ¢Ã¢â¬Å¡Ã ¬ÃâÃ ¢ JIT is to encourage suppliers to make a commitment to provide excellent quality products. In order to fulfill this commitment, lasting quality software is essential to the operations of the supplier in constant communication between the buyer and supplier. Implications for Indian industries Indian manufacturing sector is one of the largest industries in the world that has never been implemented by governments and potential protectionist bureaucracy. Thus, Indian goods are now classified competitiveness fund sector effectiveness, personnel management, product quality and productivity of workers, 15 In these circumstances, the urgent need to implement JIT practices in India. But in some states in India to regulate the relations between business, labor, suppliers and financial institutions. These relationships have a major impact on the fact that the team can be deployed in India present economic, cultural and social system, attitudes and trends. With the implementation of a JIT Indian industry a huge savings to be produced and the productivity of the new ethics may arise, which can help to strengthen the Indian economy. In addition, JIT practices can help Indian firms become more competitive by improving its exports in the global market. But we find that social, cult ural and political have a significant impact on JIT practices in different parts of the world. In India, suppliers of various raw materials (domestic and imported) are under government control through supply agencies, resulting in considerable uncertainty. The government controls the prices of key resources, and tax rates, to create obstacles to applying the JIT 16 Some of the reasons for the slow implementation of JIT are listed below. In addition, the workforce in India is generally ignorant, lack of motivation and more concerned about the monetary benefits and job security as the development of the carrier and develop their potential. Trade unions and their resistance is also promoted the implementation team. Therefore, the specific cultural changes necessary to successfully implement JIT. Education can play a crucial role in this direction. On this issue, some researchers have argued that the Japanese models are very successful in India. Therefore, some training programs with deadlines, should be organized in the Indian work force, after a careful examination of their behaviour, personal characteristics, attitudes and social values. Reasons for Slow Implementation of Just-in-Time (JIT) in Indian Context. 1. High cost of implementation 2. Informal and casual quality auditing 3. Lack of Communication at various levels 4. Lack of customer awareness about product quality 5. Lack of support from R D department 6. Lack of teamwork 7. Lack of top management participation in QC Programs 8. Lack of training 9. Lack of understanding about JIT Techniques 10. Negative attitude, traits beliefs of Indian work force 11. Poor and inadequate maintenance 12. Shortage of multifunctional workers 13. Traditional methods of quality control Conclusions Based on JIT quality management to make dramatic improvements in cost and quality through optimum utilization of human resources with emphasis on simplicity, elimination of waste and continuous improvement. This could be a great opportunity for Indian industry because of its relatively low investment requirements and compatibility for small businesses. This approach exploits the full capacity of workers and allows them to systematic analysis of the root causes of quality problems by making small sustainable changes in organizational arrangements. It allows workers to become involved in decision making through the trust and responsibility in their hands. Several Indian industry is leading the joint investigation team with the belief that it would be useful to counter global competition. But the effectiveness depends on the qualities, attitudes and values ÃÆ'Ã ¢Ã ¢Ã¢â¬Å¡Ã ¬Ã ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã ¹ÃÆ'Ã ¢Ã ¢Ã¢â¬Å¡Ã ¬Ã ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã ¹of Indian labor. Ultimately, it is hoped that the I ndian industry to be able to undertake the necessary changes to existing production systems for JIT Quality Management to get the maximum benefit.
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Self-Presentation, also known as Impression Management (IM) is primarily a goal-directed conscious or unconscious attempt to influence the perceptions of other people about a person, object or event by regulating and controlling information in social interaction. If a person tries to influence the perception of his image, this activity is called self-presentation. With regard to the self-monitoring, it is the extent to which people monitor and control their expressive behavior and self-presentation. We will write a custom essay sample on Behavioural Studies or any similar topic only for you Order Now High self-monitors exert more expressive control over their social behavior and tend to adapt their appearance and acts to specific circumstances. The situation is different with low self-monitors, who display less motivation towards improving their self-presentation. They act more naturally and are least bothered about their public image. This essay has been designed to establish a relationship between the self-presentation and self-monitoring. In the beginning both the concepts will be explained followed by an analysis of the relationship between them. What is Self-Presentation Self-presentation, also known as impression management is the process by which people attempt to manage or control the perception others form of them. There is often a tendency for people to try to present themselves so as to impress others in a socially desirable way. The theory of impression management states that any individual or organization must establish and maintain impressions that are congruent with the perceptions they want to convey to their publics. The impression management theory describes the methods through which people take actions to a create a public perception, in order to achieve their personal or organizational goals (Ã¢â¬Å"Impression ManagementÃ¢â¬ 2006, pars. 1-5). As with other cognitive processes, impression management has many possible conceptual dimensions (Dunegan 1993, pp. 491) and has been researched in relation to aggression, attitude change, attributions, social facilitation, and leadership. It is basically an intentional or un-intentional goal-directed approach to influence the perceptions of other people about a person, object or event by regulating and controlling information in social interaction. In short, we can say that if a person tries to influence the perception of his/her image, the activity is called self-presentation. What is Self-Monitoring In any scenario, people are generally motivated to behave appropriately and in a manner which is appealing to others. The theory of self-monitoring explains the extent to which people value, create, cultivate, and project social images and public appearance (Gangestad Snyder, 2000, p. 531). The level of control which the people apply is different from a person to person. Some people may not care much about the perception others make of them. They say what they believe. These people are included in the category of low self-monitors. On the other hand, high self-monitors, are likely to avoid talking about themselves as they really are, and use pretense and deception in their efforts to play to the crowd (Buss and Brigg 1984, p. 1310). In general, self-monitoring involves three major tendencies: Ã¢â¬ ¢ The willingness to be the center of attention Ã¢â¬â a tendency to behave in outgoing, extraverted ways. Ã¢â¬ ¢ Sensitivity to the reactions of others. Ã¢â¬ ¢ Ability and willingness to adjust behavior to induce positive reactions in others. High and Low Self-Monitors As states earlier, some people are more sensitive to the image they form when in public. Such people are very self-conscious and like to Ã¢â¬Ëlook goodÃ¢â¬â¢ and will hence usually adapt well to differing social situations. These people are called the high self-monitors. The high self-monitors would observe people and note their response to different behaviors of other people. On the other hand, there are people are less concerned about what others think about them. They are termed as low self-monitors. Low self-monitors do not make any effort to exercise control over their expressive behavior. High and low self-monitors possess different qualities. They regulate their behaviour in public in different ways. High self-monitors would generally adjust their social behaviours according to situational cues, whereas low self-monitors regulate their social behaviours according to their dispositions. Low self-monitors usually conform their behavior to their internal beliefs. Another major difference between high and low self-monitors is that the low self-monitors would choose friends based upon their liking whereas, the selection criteria for friends is different in high self-monitors. The high self-monitors choose friends as activity partners for their leisure time based on the friendsÃ¢â¬â¢ skill in the specific activity. Moreover, high self-monitors will be more concerned about the partnerÃ¢â¬â¢s physical appearance than the personality (Snyder, Berscheid, Glick, 1985). Relationship Between Self-Presentation and Self-Monitoring Self-presentation and self-monitoring are inter-related terms. In simple words, self-presentation is the way one presents himself/herself and self-monitoring is the level of control exerted during the process of self-presentation. Accordingly, high and low self-monitors will have different degree of self-presentation. High self-monitors are more adoptable and would adjust their behaviors across situations because they are more sensitive to the expectation of others. Their style of self-presentation would generally be more appropriate and suiting to every scenario they confront (Snyder, 1974, p. 527). They would always ask themselves as to what does this situation want them to be (Snyder, 1987, p. 32). They will constantly observe before exposing themselves. They will not express their emotions unless they are sure of their appropriateness. The high self-monitors will exhibit relatively low behavioral consistency across situations. They would tend to make a different image or face which is superficial, but will be corresponding to the situation. On the other hand, low self-monitors would present themselves as natural as they are and will seldom make any conscious effort to conceal their inner sentiments. Their behavior will usually be consistent across situations. The low self-monitorsÃ¢â¬â¢ expressive self-presentation will be articulated by their inner attitudes, dispositions, and values. Low self-monitors are not concerned about the Ã¢â¬Å"appropriateness of their self-presentationÃ¢â¬ (Snyder, 1974. p. 527). Another important aspect of the relationship between self-presentation and low self-monitors is that they are often described as individuals who lack self-presentation concerns. They will not make much effort in adjusting their behaviour in accordance with situational demands. Their self-presentation will be natural and least concerned with the expectations of others. On the contrary, high self-monitors would make all concerted efforts in controlling their behavioural patterns which are conflicting with the situations. They are the ones whose self-presenting will be much applauded and their personalities will usually be graded as sober and acceptable. In one experiment, Snyder (1974) found that professional stage actors scored higher than non-actors on measures of self-monitoring. Professional actors genuinely possess acting ability and control over their emotions, expression, and behaviour. They were able to adapt to changing situations adequately. Their self-presentation was therefore much more stable and suiting the environment. In another experiment on ordinary college students, high self-monitors were found to be better than the low self-monitors in expressing different emotions like anger, happiness, sadness, surprise, disgust, fear, and guilt. High self-monitors can even adapt to sudden changing moods. When high self-monitors were asked to act like an extraverted, friendly, and outgoing person and then suddenly to act like an introverted, withdrawn, and reserved person, high self-monitors adopted each role better than low self-monitors did (Lippa, 1976). Conclusion Self-presentation is how we tend to present ourselves. It is how we want people to look at us. The art of exercising control over our emotions, behaviour, and moods is basically the self-monitoring. Self-monitoring refers to a personÃ¢â¬â¢s ability to adjust his or her behaviour to external situational factors. Individuals high in self-monitoring show considerable adaptability in their behaviour. They can behave differently in varying situations. They are found to be much capable of presenting striking contradictions between the public persona and the private self. On the other hand, it becomes difficult for low self-monitors to disguise themselves this way (Ã¢â¬Å"Self-Monitoring Scale,Ã¢â¬ 2006). In nut shell, high self-monitors are more concerned about self-presentation than the low self-monitors. Bibliography Buss, A. H. , Briggs, S. R. (1984). Drama and the self in social interaction. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 47, 1310-1324. Dunegan, K. J. (1993, June). Framing Cognitive Modes, and Image Theory. Journal of Applied Psychology, pp. 491. Gangestad, S. W. , M. Snyder (2000). Self-monitoring: Appraisal and Reappraisal. Psychological Bulletin, 126, 530-555. Ã¢â¬Å"Impression Management,Ã¢â¬ (2006). Wikipedia, viewed 30 August 2006, http://www. answers. com/self-presentation Lippa, R. (1976). Expressive control, expressive consistency, and the correspondence between expressive behavior and personality. Journal of Personality, 44, 541-559. Ã¢â¬Å"Self-Monitoring Scale. Ã¢â¬ (2006). Viewed 30 August 2006, http://pubpages. unh. edu/~ckb/SELFMON2. html Snyder, M. (1974). Self-monitoring of expressive behavior. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 30, 434-461. Snyder, M. (1987). Public appearances/private realities: The psychology of self-monitoring. New York, Freeman. Snyder, M. , Berscheid, E. , Glick, P. (1985). Focusing on the exterior and the interior: Two investigations of the initiation of personal relationships. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 48 , 1427-1439. How to cite Behavioural Studies, Papers
Saturday, May 2, 2020
Mention Hollywood heartthrob Ryan Gosling, and the grungy, bearded guy in Ã¢â¬Å"The NotebookÃ¢â¬ comes to mind. Most dont picture him at an indie rock music festival with his best friend, Zach Shields, and a bunch of kids dressed in Halloween costumes, and definitely not playing in an indie rock band. Zach and Ryan met in 2005 when they were dating sisters. They discovered a mutual obsession with ghosts, zombies, and monsters, and decided to write love songs about them. Their first album, self-titled Ã¢â¬Å"Dead Mans Bones,Ã¢â¬ was released in 2009, and they collaborated with the Silverlake Conservatory of Music Childrens Choir. They chose to play all the instruments on the album, including those they had never touched, and never did more than three takes, believing that imperfections highlighted the strengths of the music. My initial thoughts were What the Ã¢â¬ ¦? and This is the creepiest thing Ive ever heard. But after I got over these feelings, this album started to grow on me. We will write a custom essay sample on Dead ManÃ¢â¬â¢s Bones: Dead ManÃ¢â¬â¢s Bones or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page The songs provided a feeling of comfort through the trance-like voices of the men and the choir of children. Each song has its own feel. Some are catchy and humorous while others are resonant and serious. Ill start with the first creepy song, Ã¢â¬Å"Dead Hearts.Ã¢â¬ It begins eerily, with something that sounds like a heartbeat and rhythmic guitar. At the climax, glass shatters in time with the music, then it slows and you hear footsteps and scraping noises. I would probably get scared if I listened to this alone. The title track is my favorite because of its upbeat rhythm. The beginning is similar to jazz music. When the chorus comes in, a tambourine and piano join as well. The lyrics explain that no matter where you are, chances are youre standing on a dead mans bones. Ã¢â¬Å"Pa Pa PowerÃ¢â¬ is one of the better-known tracks. It begins with a techno beat and tambourine, drums, and synthesizer. Then a man and the choir of children alternate singing Ã¢â¬Å"Pa pa power pa pa power.Ã¢â¬ Lyrics like Ã¢â¬Å"Burn the streets, burn the carsÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"Broken glass, broken heartsÃ¢â¬ seem to be about the destruction power can cause. Ã¢â¬Å"Dead Mans BonesÃ¢â¬ was definitely not what I expected, but turned out to be a lot less creepy than I first thought. This album is worth the listeners time, and Id recommend it to any fan of alternative or indie music. Its a combination of creepy, upbeat songs and background music from a zombie movie, and its perfect for any fan with an open mind.
Friday, March 6, 2020
Pharmacogenomics essays Pharmacogenomics in the Future of Health Care Practice Abstract: Pharmacogenomics is an up and coming technology that encompasses the areas of health care, science, drug therapy and genetics. Pharmacogenomics research examines gene expression, and how drugs can be best suited to work with an individuals DNA sequence. Some drug therapies have already been developed by means of this research, but the effect of the use of pharmacogenomics in health care is slow to be seen. All health care professionals will be affected when the advancements of pharmacogenomics are in widespread use, and need to be prepared for its introduction. There are distinct sides to the controversial issue of pharmacogenomics in our society, and all individuals involved should be aware of the aspects of this new technology. Pharmacogenomics in the Future of Health Care The study of genetics has brought about a new way of thinking to the world of science. But the field of science is not the only area affected by the advancements in genetics; it affects every aspect of humanity. The use of genetics lies in a gray area, where right and wrong is not easily decided. Separate communities of thinkers debate whether the use of genetics in science and technology are beneficial or harmful to society. The introduction of genetics into the health care field forces society to decide what is ethical in the use of these findings. The field of pharmacology is no exception to this. The fusion of pharmacology and genomics, pharmacogenomics (Human Genome Program, n.d.), pioneers scientific advancements in drug therapy and also presents society with considerations to make regarding the ethicality of their use. Pharmacogenomics studies behavioral aspects of genetic information. According to the International Society of Pharmacogenomics (ISP) website, pharmacogenomics involves a larger area of genetics, searching for genetic variations, including DNA polymorphisms or gene...
Wednesday, February 19, 2020
ECONOMICS OF THE UAE - Case Study Example Fossil fuels (oil, coal and gas) will remain the most supplied form of energy used throughout the globe. Hence this sector is an important source of economic growth for the gulf region. The structure of labour force also plays an important role in the economic development of any country. The structure of the UAE labour force has been studied in this paper and the pattern of expenditure of their income is investigated to assess the effect of labour force on the GCC economy. This paper analyses six articles on this issue and evaluates the findings to assess the process of economic growth of the GCC region. 1. The development and principal features of an oil economy The article by Issac John, titled, Ã¢â¬Å"Dubai government owned e-commerce website to expand in GulfÃ¢â¬ published in Khaleej Times on 20 February 2013, explains this phenomenon. In 2011 GCC had a nominal GDP of US$1.4trilion (QNB, 2013). The economy of the GCC region is based on the oil reserves of the region and till p resent times it is known to have the largest reserves of crude oil in the whole world (approximately 486.8 billion barrels) (Gulfbase, 2013). While the OPEC countries together accounts for 70% of the total known crude oil reserves of the world, the GCC alone represent 35.7% of the total reserve. This region holds the topmost rank in producing and exporting petroleum in the world thereby generally assuming a primary role in the global economy, particularly in the OPEC. The GCC economy has increased in size almost three times in the period between 2002 and 2008. This shows that the seven countries in the GCC region (Ajman, Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Al Fujayrah, Sharjah, Ras al Khaymah and Umm al Qaywayn) have reflected spectacular economic growth till mid 2008 (EIA, 2013). GCC countries account for 52% of the total OPEC oil reserves and 49% of the total OPEC crude oil production. The region is continuing its economic reform program, focusing on attracting domestic, regional and foreign privat e sector investment into oil & gas, power generation, telecommunications, and real-estate sectors. However, the slouch in the financial condition around the globe has brought about a slowdown in the economic status of the world which has slowed down the rate of investment in different development projects in this region. However, with the recent efforts made by all countries towards economic recovery is creating a quick rebound in the economic activities in the region (Gulfbase, 2013). According to analysts the combination of sluggish rise in global oil demand and rising market penetration by the non-OPEC countries might have a dampening effect on oil prices thereby limiting profits for the GCC countries in the near future. According to data published by the International Energy Agency (IEA) in June 2010 the quota compliance of UAE with the member countries of OPEC was re-adjusted (Kumar, 2010). Average export price of oil is estimated to rise marginally therefore declining in real terms. Export volumes would expand only by 1% annually till end of the decade. In the progression, contribution from the GCC countries would sum up to half of the total OPEC output and the Ã¢â¬Å"OPEC output as a share of global demand for oil is expected to decline from about 40 percent in 1995 to 37 percent by the end of the decadeÃ¢â¬